I also thought you have to visualize everything to generate new ideas. I only write when I immediately know how to do it. And if you don't already take book highlights, even better! At the end of the day, we know exactly how much we accomplished (or didn’t accomplish) and can adjust our future expectations accordingly. knowledge that can be scrutinized and tested. If I encounter a novel engineering method, it may be useful for completely different reasons depending on whether I am working on an engineering textbook, a skyscraper, or a rocket booster. Ultimately, learning should not be about hoarding stockpiles of knowledge like gold coins. it was simple and easy, not in spite of it? If I falter for a moment, I put the matter aside and do something else” (Luhmann et al., 1987, 154f). The book describes an external system for reading, thinking, and writing. I'll start by just listing all of these out under an "Ideas" heading, but this is temporary. They were always too vague and boring, full of platitudes that had little to do with the world outside academia. Each of the above methods is a way of creating an internal pathway through your slip-box. As he built up his collection of notes, he embarked on a series of achievements that would eventually make him one of the most influential sociologists and scientists of the 20th century. Principle #5: Standardization enables creativity, The potential of the shipping container was only unleashed when. The same principle applies to the steps of processing our notes. By saving ideas that aren’t compatible with each other and don’t necessarily support what we already think, we train ourselves to develop subtle theories over time instead of immediately jumping to conclusions. I was astounded to encounter in its pages (with uncanny similarity) many of the same principles I had discovered over 10 years of personal experience. How to Take Smart Notes by Sönke Ahrens presents a very different take on taking notes. If they have a good idea, they write it in whichever notebook is close at hand. And once we make this meaningful connection between ideas, it’s hard, The problem is that the meaning of something is not always obvious. Luhmann wrote down interesting or potentially useful ideas he encountered in his reading on uniformly sized index cards, He wrote only on one side of each card to eliminate the need to flip them over, and he limited himself to one idea per card so they could be referenced individually, Each new index card received a sequential number, starting at 1. For that to happen, it has to be written down. By identifying the principles that stand the test of time despite huge changes in the underlying technology, we can better understand the essential nature of the creative process. Skills (How to do Book 1) (English Edition) eBook: Azizi, Ala Eddine: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop It’s Iike learning to swim – you have to learn by doing it, not by merely reading about it. The slip-box is the host of the process outlined above. They might file notes on a psychology paper under “misjudgments,” “experimental psychology,” or “experiments.”. We need to be able to make small, constant adjustments to keep our interest, motivation, and work aligned. We need to regularly confront our errors, mistakes, and misunderstandings. I’ve been dabbling in the Zettlekasten’s principles through two sources: Sönke Ahrens’ book How to Take Smart Notes and RadReader Shu Omi’s YouTube channel. How to do This In Roam. It doesn’t just enhance your writing process; it makes it possible. They externalize a memory into an elaboration, provide a way to write out our thinking, and act like a first draft in our eventual creation. In the old system, the question is: Under which topic do I store this note? You can also do advanced searches and sorts on every note. Proofreading requires very focused, detail-oriented attention, while choosing which words to put down in the first place might require a more open, free-floating attention. Because of this, he claimed that there was actual communication going on between himself and his. Plans are meant to help us feel in control. But I’d be wrong. That is the nature of insight. And we can only become better when we intentionally expose our work to high-quality feedback. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. You won’t waste time writing down every detail, trying to make a perfect record of everything that was said. The goal is not just to collect ideas, but to develop arguments and discussions over time. When you truly understand something, it is anchored to a latticework of related ideas and meanings, which makes it far easier to remember. These principles go a long way toward reestablishing the boundaries and constraints that creativity needs to thrive. How to Take Smart Notes is a detailed guide that promotes the Zettelkasten note-taking method created by Niklas Luhmann. But it is much more important to actually. One System. By creating notes as a decentralized network instead of a hierarchical tree, Luhmann anticipated hypertext and URLs. While producing published written works is the end goal, is it not the only goal. We need to regularly confront our errors, mistakes, and misunderstandings. Perhaps you read it for a certain purpose – to gain some familiarity with a topic you’re interested in or find insights for a project you’re working on. But the important part is the principle: Work. The method is called the Zettelkasten, and despite its … What are the chances that the book contains only the precise insights you were looking for, and no others? It isn’t very hard to write down notes in the first place. The purpose of research is to produce public knowledge that can be scrutinized and tested. Early in his academic career, Luhmann realized that a note was only as valuable as its. Specifically, the context in which it will be used. When a new source was added to that topic, or he found something to supplement it, he would add new index cards with letters as suffixes (1a, 1b, 1c, etc. Then consider joining the 25,000 other people getting the Monday Medley newsletter. Tagging the idea with its relevant contexts helps, but by moving an idea to its primary context you can better organize it within that context by nesting it under other topics or headings. This advice runs counter to the typical approach to planning we are taught. But Luhmann often remarked that he never forced himself to do anything he didn’t feel like doing: “I only do what is easy. Since they haven’t been taking notes from the start, they either have to start with something completely new (which is risky) or retrace their steps (which is boring). Home; Tools; Coaching; About; Contact; About TakeSmartNotes. Now that we understand what Smart Notes are, let’s take a look at how to do this in Roam Research. You’ll read differently, becoming more focused on the parts most relevant to the argument you’re building. Writing is not only for proclaiming fully formed opinions, but for developing opinions worth sharing in the first place. Few people will ever publish their work in an academic journal or even on a blog. If they had stuck religiously to their original plan, they probably wouldn’t have discovered a cure for cancer and certainly wouldn’t have discovered the structure of DNA. This means when it comes time to write, they first have to undertake a massive project to collect and organize all these scattered notes. Working with a slip-box can be disheartening, because you are constantly faced with the gaps in your understanding. Get. The potential of the shipping container was only unleashed when every other part of the shipping supply chain was changed to accommodate it. And if an article seems important enough, they might make the effort to save an excerpt. He described his system as his secondary memory (zweitgedächtnis), alter ego, or reading memory (lesegedächtnis). It’s no wonder that nearly every guide to writing begins with “brainstorming.” If you don’t have notes, you have no other option. A common format removes unnecessary complexity and takes the second-guessing out of the process. Once they did, international shipping exploded, setting the stage for Asia to become an economic power among many other historic changes. is a book on note-taking for students, academics, and non-fiction writers. © Nathaniel Eliason, 2020 | You're looking great today | This site built on, A Simple Exercise to Discover What Skills You Should Learn, Self-Education: Teach Yourself Anything with the Sandbox Method, How to Break Through Any Learning Plateau and Never Stop Growing, Grab your own copy of How to Take Smart Notes, Get a good notebook for taking notes as you read, Handwrite ideas as you have them while reading, and reference where they came from, Upload your highlights and ideas once you finish a book, File those ideas in their most useful contexts. It is by far the most impactful and profound book I’ve ever read on the subject. A “smart note” or as I like to call it, an “Insight Note,” is a hard effort to take information and translate it into a precise and meaningful expression. This principle requires us to expand our definition of “publication” beyond the usual narrow sense. For years, the importance of Luhmann’s slip-box was underestimated. Once this step is done, throw away (or delete) the fleeting notes from step one and file the literature notes from step two into your bibliographic slip-box. Even if you don’t aim to develop a grand theory, you need a way to organize your thoughts and keep track of the information you consume. A librarian asks “Where should I store this note?” Their goal is to maintain a taxonomy of knowledge that is accessible to everyone, which means they have to use only the most obvious categories. Access a free summary of How to Take Smart Notes, by Sönke Ahrens and 20,000 other business, leadership and nonfiction books on getAbstract. This is why an external system to record your research is so critical. amazon how to take smart notes one simple technique how to take smart notes one simple technique to boost writing learning and thinking for stnts acmics and nonfiction book writers kindle edition by ahrens snke. Now that you’ve been collecting notes on your reading, how should you organize them? Leaving the ideas the book or article inspired within the book makes them much harder to find later. It is the only way to deliberately practice your thinking and communication skills multiple times per day. Not only did this create a system that could extend infinitely in any direction, but it also gave each index card a permanent ID number. Once I finish a book, I'll upload all of my notes from it to Roam. They would often list dozens of tips and tricks that had little to do with each other. Instead of figuratively searching our memories, we literally go through the slip-box and form concrete links. Every paragraph has a point, and I struggled to leave anything out of this summary. It requires elaboration – we need to copy, translate, re-write, compare, contrast, and describe a new idea in our own terms. We are told to “make a plan” upfront and in detail. And all this pre-research also involves writing. But because they haven’t acted on this fact, they can’t track ideas back to their origins. We need a. This may seem like a staggering number until you realize that it amounts to only six notes per day. When looking for interesting connections between notes, we often need to be in a playful, curious state of mind, whereas when putting them in logical order, our state of mind probably needs to be more serious and precise. It provides a place where distinct batches of work can be created, worked on, and saved permanently until the next time we are ready to deploy that particular kind of attention. There is no hierarchy in the zettelkasten, which means it can grow internally without any preconceived scheme. The source for the method summary is Sönke Ahrens’ book How to Take Smart Notes. Luhmann wrote his notes with great care, not much different from his style in the final manuscript. As you detect holes in your argument, fill them or change the argument. Look for gaps that you can fill through further reading. Something went wrong while submitting the form. It is only when you have multiple, simultaneous projects and interests that the full potential of an external thinking system is realized. The origins of Zettlekasten . How to Take Smart Notes is a book by Sonke Ahrens explaining the "Zettlekasten" methodology developed by Niklas Luhmann, a 20th century Sociologist who published a prodigious amount of work: 70 books and more than 400 articles before his death. Luhmann never forced himself to do anything and only did what came easily to him: “When I am stuck for one moment, I leave it and do something else.” As in martial arts, if you encounter resistance or an opposing force, you should not push against it but instead redirect it towards another productive goal. Both were wooden boxes containing paper index cards. Upon his death, Luhmann’s slip-box contained 90,000 notes. And the decision to read about one subject versus another also doesn’t appear out of thin air. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. It requires, – we need to copy, translate, re-write, compare, contrast, and describe a new idea in our own terms. It is an essential part of making our work sustainable and thus successful. . But at the same time, it increases the chances that you will actually move the work forward. We encounter a constant stream of new ideas, but only a tiny fraction of them will be useful and relevant to us at any given moment. Organizing by context does take a little bit of thought. But it took multiple failed attempts before it was successful, because it wasn’t actually about the container, which after all is just a box. Luhmann distinguished between three kinds of notes that went into his slip-boxes: fleeting notes, literature notes, and permanent notes. Here I'll share how I'm applying the Smart Notes system in my own work, through my interpretation and adaptation of the method Ahrens lays out in the book. As he built up his collection of notes, he embarked on a series of achievements that would eventually make him one of the most influential sociologists and scientists of the 20th century. Put simply, because structure notes freeze the meaning … For the References, I'll use Readwise to scan them in from the physical book or export them from Kindle. 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